>99% of cervical cancer is caused by high-risk HPV infection. Learn more: Understanding HPV
Cervical cancer is a cancer that starts in the cervix. It is one of the most common cancer in women worldwide.
Vaccinations and regular screenings can reduce your risk. If you are between the ages of 11 and 26, the CDC recommends vaccination. In the U.S., professional medical societies recommend Pap testing every 3 years if you are between the ages of 21 and 29. If you are between the ages of 30 and 65, Pap and HPV testing together is recommended every 5 years. Other countries may have different guidelines. New guidance from US medical societies issued in January 2015 also recommends HPV testing as an option for women starting at age 25.
HPV can change normal cells into abnormal ones when HPV infection persists. It could take as much as 10-15 years for these cells to become cancerous. It is therefore important to find these cell changes in the pre-cancer stage through regular screening.
Pre-cancer and early stages of cervical cancer usually have no symptoms. As cervical cancer advances you may experience abnormal bleeding and discharge. It is important to identify the problem early when there is a high likelihood of cure. Therefore, regular checkups are important even if you feel well.
GET THE FACTS
WOMEN ARE DIAGNOSED
WITH CERVICAL CANCER
DEATHS ARE RELATED TO CERVICAL CANCER WORLDWIDE
SOURCE: WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION
CERVICAL CANCER RISK FACTORS
HAVING HIGH-RISK HPV IS THE PRIMARY RISK FACTOR FOR CERVICAL CANCER